Earth Day 2021| Save Earth
IT is observed on the 22nd day of April month every year across the globe when major contributors participate in various civic activities working towards raising awareness regarding the critical conditions of the Earth and the issues it is facing. Each year, over a billion of the population spread across the 192 countries contribute in the Earth Day activities which makes the day as the largest civic observance in the world.
There are ‘n’ number of problems that the earth is currently facing which will in turn affect the human race if not controlled timely.
- Soil degradation
- Global warming
- Natural resource depletion
- Generating unsustainable waste
- Waste disposal
- Polar ice caps
- Loss of Biodiversity
- Climate change
- Ocean acidification
- Imbalance in Nitrogen cycle
- Ozone layer depletion
- Acid rain
- Water pollution
- Urban sprawl
- Land degradation
- Public health issues
- Genetic engineering
The theme that is being focussed this year is “Restore The Earth”. The main focus is on the natural processes, the emerging green technologies and innovative ideas and processes that can help restore our world’s ecosystems hence rejecting the myths that mitigation and adaptation are the only ways to address the issue of climate change. Also , some of the major problems that are routinely discussed are pollution, global warming, deforestation, as they pose a major threat to our nature.
The organisation Earthday.org is urging everyone to contribute in the movement focussing on the global push for the climate literacy so that innovative solutions can be prepared today by the leaders of tomorrow. Over 32 million educators are said to lead the “Teach for the planet : Global Education Summit” campaign. Live digital events are on the go having climate restoration technologies, emerging green technologies ,innovative thinking , climate restoration technologies, restorations efforts, environmental literacy , citizen science and clean-ups as the centre topics for discussion.
Alongside, the US President Joe Biden has decided that he’ll be hosting a meeting with the world leaders on Climate Change and named it as ‘Leaders Summit on Climate’. This meeting is expected to galvanise the efforts of major economies in tackling the climate crisis and emphasise the urgency and the economic benefits that we can get by taking stronger actions regarding our climate.
The Earth will not continue to offer its harvest, except with faithful stewardship. We cannot say we love the land and then take steps to destroy it for use by future generations.
Many different regions and our planet as a whole too has witnessed a drop in air pollution as the COVID 19 pandemic has impacted the travel and other industries. It is observed that reduction in air pollution can result in reduction in both climate change and COVID-19 risks but its still not clear that which kind of air pollution (if any) will lead to common risks to both climate change and COVID-19. It has been reported that the methods like travel bans and being quarantined which are being followed to contain the spread of the virus have resulted in a significant percentage (approx.25%) of reduction in the carbon emissions during first months of lockdowns.
It is believed by the scientists that this reduction may have saved approx.77,000 lives. Also it was observed that for the first time, the Himalayas became visible again in decades due to the improved quality of air since air pollution dropped. There was a gradual decline observed in the emissions of nitrous oxides from cars, factories and power plants as the industries were not operating much.
It is important for all of us to understand that the Hydrosphere, biosphere, lithosphere and atmosphere, all interact together to balance and sustain life on this planet. Human’s relationship with the environment and all its resources is a reciprocal relationship. It has been evident from the past that the human society has flourished only when the environment thrived. All the global and national institutions are actively engaged in finding solutions regarding the challenges the Earth is facing currently but it is expected from the younger generations as well that they engage proactively and innovate new methods which can help in dealing with the crisis We Should Save Earth.
Not only for the Earth Day, but for all the coming days, we need to commit ourselves to take actions necessary to conserve the environment and empower marginalised communities which are facing resource crisis stress on daily basis, to help in restoring the nature by cultivating environmental education in the younger generation as much as possible, plant more and more trees, adapting to a sustainable and environment friendly consumer lifestyle. Avoiding the use of non-biodegradable products such as plastics and developing innovative yet sustainable technologies and projects to invest in local economies can help a lot.