The Pulwama attack was a suicide bombing that took place on February 14, 2019 in Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir, India. A convoy of vehicles carrying security personnel was attacked by a vehicle-borne suicide bomber, resulting in the deaths of 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel. The attack was claimed by the Pakistan-based Islamist militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed. The incident led to a significant escalation of tensions between India and Pakistan, with India carrying out airstrikes against what it claimed were terrorist training camps in Pakistan.
Suicide bombing is a form of terrorist attack in which an individual, referred to as a suicide bomber, detonates an explosive device that they are carrying on their person, with the intention of killing themselves and causing significant harm and damage to their target and surrounding areas. This type of attack can be carried out by individuals or organized groups and has been used in conflicts around the world.
Pulwama is a district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is located in the southern part of the Kashmir Valley and is known for its natural beauty and saffron cultivation. In February 2019, Pulwama gained international attention due to a deadly terrorist attack that took place in the district, targeting a convoy of security personnel and resulting in the deaths of 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel. The attack was claimed by a Pakistan-based terrorist organization, Jaish-e-Mohammed.
Jammu and Kashmir, India, CRPF
Jammu and Kashmir is a region in the northernmost part of India, known for its natural beauty and religious diversity. It is a disputed territory between India and Pakistan, with both countries claiming sovereignty over the region. The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) is a paramilitary force of the Indian government that is responsible for maintaining internal security and combating insurgency in various parts of the country, including Jammu and Kashmir. The region has experienced a long-standing conflict between separatist militants and Indian security forces, leading to several violent incidents and loss of lives over the years.
Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) is a Pakistan-based Islamist militant organization that operates in the Jammu and Kashmir region and is designated as a terrorist organization by several countries. It was founded in 2000 by Masood Azhar, a former member of Harkat-ul-Mujahideen who was released from an Indian prison in exchange for hostages from an Indian Airlines plane hijacking in 1999. JeM has been involved in several terrorist attacks in India, including the 2001 Indian Parliament attack and the 2019 Pulwama attack. The group has been accused of having close ties with the Pakistani military and intelligence agencies, and India has repeatedly demanded that Pakistan take action against JeM and its leaders.
Pakistan, terrorist attack, and February 14, 2019
On February 14, 2019, a suicide bombing took place in Pulwama district, Jammu and Kashmir, India, targeting a convoy of security personnel and resulting in the deaths of 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel. The attack was claimed by Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), a Pakistan-based Islamist militant organization. This led to a significant escalation of tensions between India and Pakistan, with India alleging that JeM had received support from Pakistan’s military and intelligence agencies. India also carried out airstrikes against what it claimed were terrorist training camps in Pakistan-administered Kashmir, leading to a military confrontation between the two countries. The international community called for de-escalation of tensions and for both countries to engage in dialogue to resolve their differences.
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