Magill Forceps in Intubation are handheld, hinged devices used for grasping and holding objects. They are used when fingers are too big to grasp small objects or when many objects need to be held at one time while the hands are used to perform other tasks. Mechanically, these employ the principle of the lever to grasp and apply pressure. Depending on their function, basic such forceps can be categorized into the following groups:
1. Non-disposable group. They should withstand various kinds of physical and chemical effects of body fluids and sterilization methods. Plastic forceps are used as disposable.
2. Disposable group. They are usually made of lower-quality materials which are disposed of once used.
These angled forceps are a type of medical instrument used for intubation, or the insertion of a tube into the lungs. They are specifically designed for use in infants and are typically used in emergency situations. They are considered to be very effective and have been shown to improve infant health outcomes. In one study, infants who were intubated with these forceps had a significantly lower mortality rate than those who were intubated with other types of forceps. Additionally, infants who were intubated with such angled forceps were less likely to experience complications such as laryngeal injury or esophageal perforation. These findings suggest that these forceps are a safe and effective option for clinical use in intubation.
WHAT ARE ANGLED FORCEPS AND THEIR USE of Magill Forceps in Intubation CLINICAL SETTINGS?
Angled forceps are instruments used to assist in the placement of breathing tubes, or endotracheal tubes. They are placed over the patient’s head and inserted through the nose or mouth into the trachea (windpipe). Once in place, they are used to guide the endotracheal tube into the correct position. They are considered to be a safe and effective method of intubation, particularly in infants and young children. They can help to ensure proper placement of the endotracheal tube and minimize the risk of complications. In addition, Magill forceps can be used if other intubation techniques are unsuccessful. As such, they are an important tool in the care of critically ill patients.
They are commonly made of high-grade carbon steel, which makes sure that they can withstand repeated sterilization in elevated-temperature autoclaves. Some are made of other high-quality stainless steel, chromium, and vanadium alloys which ensure the durability of edges and freedom from rust. Lower-quality steel is used for other uses. Disposable forceps are made of plastic.
HOW DOES THIS TWO-BLADED INSTRUMENT HELP WITH THE INTUBATION PROCESS?
These are bent forceps that are specifically designed for use in the mouth-throat area. Their shape offers a particularly secure grip, which makes these forceps ideal for removing foreign airway obstructions. Additionally, these instruments can be used in anesthetics to position the tube during nasal intubation or to introduce a stomach tube. They are made from stainless steel and can be disinfected and sterilized. The other benefits include: aid in passage of an endotracheal tube into the larynx, aid in gastric tube passage into the esophagus, Removing foreign bodies for the airway or pharynx, twin-bladed tong-like forceps handles for gripping by the user, rounded ends for grasping, the oblique angle between handles and blades to prevent obstruction of the view of the airway during use.
Therefore, angled forceps are a valuable tool for intubation. They have a number of advantages over other devices, including their ability to grasp and hold the endotracheal tube in place. They can be used in both adult and pediatric patients, and they are especially helpful when encountering difficult airways. When properly inserted, they help to ensure accurate placement of the endotracheal tube.